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A Complete Guide to Efficient LED Lighting for Swine Facilities

Efficient lighting is crucial in swine facilities. It promotes growth and productivity. Lighting impacts animal behavior, health, and welfare. These are key factors that directly influence profitability. However, lighting also accounts for a sizable portion of energy costs on farms. Producers need effective and sustainable swine lighting solutions. This article reviews important lighting considerations, design specifications, and recommendations to provide a comprehensive guide to help understand, upgrade, and cost-effectively implement efficient LED lighting systems.

swine lighting

Understanding Lighting Terminology

Understanding basic lighting terminology is essential for the proper selection and use of efficient LED swine lighting systems. Key terms you should know include lumens, lux, watts, luminosity efficacy, lifespan ratings, color temperature, and color accuracy:

  • Lumen: A measurement of total light energy emitted from a source. Higher-lumen bulbs produce brighter light.
  • Lux: The unit used to measure light intensity. Recommended lux levels vary depending on the area and pig age or size.
  • Watts: The unit used to measure power input. Swine lighting featuring low wattage is more energy efficient.
  • Luminous Efficacy: The ratio of light output to power consumption. It’s a crucial consideration for swine lighting.
  • Average Rated Life: The expected lifespan of a bulb, usually listed in hours. LED bulbs last much longer than traditional lighting types.
  • Kelvin Temperature: The hue of white light, ranging from warm yellow-white to cool blue-white. Different temperatures suit various tasks and animal preferences.
  • Color Rendering Index (CRI): A scale of 0-100 rating a light source’s ability to show colors accurately. For animal facilities, a CRI of 80 or higher ensures a natural color appearance.


Light Level Targets in Swine Facilities

Recommended light levels vary depending on the area and purpose within a gestation swine facility. Farrowing and nursery areas require light levels of 30-50 lux to allow sows and piglets to see clearly without being over-lit. Grow-finish areas where older pigs are raised benefit from 20-30 lux to encourage growth and activity without causing stress. Resting areas away from general activity can have lower levels of 10-20 lux as well.

Proper swine lighting levels serve important functions beyond simply illuminating barns. Higher light levels are needed in inspection alleys and loading areas where human activity occurs regularly to safely conduct tasks like monitoring health and transporting hogs. Adequate light also promotes pig welfare, behavior, and performance in key ways. The appropriate amount of light stimulates feeding behavior and activity to maximize growth rates. Light patterns mimicking natural cycles further reduce stress for the animals. Maintaining the proper targeted light levels through efficient LED swine lighting in each area supports pig health, comfort, and farm operations overall.

Swine lighting

Design and Installation Considerations

Several factors must be examined when choosing efficient LED lighting for swine facilities. Fixtures must withstand wet, dirty barn conditions while illuminating areas as required. Optimal light quality also impacts pigs and workers. The key considerations for selecting LED light fixtures include:

  • NEMA 4X or IP67 ratings ensure moisture and dust resistance important in hog barns.
  • UL, CSA, or other certifications assure electrical safety and performance standards.
  • Hoglight design software models barn blueprints to precisely place fixtures for coverage.
  • CRI 80 or higher produces true-to-life color rendering vital for tasks and animal wellbeing.

In addition to these, surge protectors, voltage regulators, and modular components further are also important. They further support reliable long-term operations. When installed correctly according to manufacturers’ instructions, quality fixtures perform for their advertised lifespan. Warranties provide recourse if issues arise.

Incorporating dimming controls into new or upgraded LED swine lighting systems allows adjusting light intensity based on season, phase, or daily schedule. This improves efficiency by supplying only the light needed rather than constant full power usage. Dimmers save energy without compromising pig welfare.



Implementing efficient LED lighting through an understanding of terminology, proper light levels, fixture selection, and design improves swine operation efficiency and pig welfare. The seasoned brand Hontech-Wins offers reliable LED solutions for swine barns. Established in 2009, our technical team have long experience developing high-quality lighting for livestock agriculture.

Hontech-Wins’ swine lighting lineup features dimmable and flicker-free lighting optimized for pigs’ comfort, plus IP69K and IP67 ratings upholding durability in demanding conditions. You can expect over 50,000 hours of usage from these efficient LEDs providing even coverage. Visit the company’s website to explore how its swine lighting options could upgrade your facility sustainably. Upgrading with Hontech-Wins allows producers to benefit pigs and profitability through advanced, long-lasting LED technology.

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